Monitor Estacional

June – September seasonal rains are well established in the northern sector of the region

26 Junio 2019

CIF v3.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3: Crisis
4: Emergencia
5: Hambruna
Sin mapa
Se estima que seria al menos una fase peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
La manera de clasificación que utiliza FEWS NET es compatible con la CIF. Un análisisque es compatible con la CIF sigue los protocolos fundamentales de CIF pero nonecesariamente refleja el consenso de los socios nacionales en materia de seguridad alimentaria.

CIF v3.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3+: Crisis o peor
Se estima que seria al menos una fase peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
La manera de clasificación que utiliza FEWS NET es compatible con la CIF. Un análisisque es compatible con la CIF sigue los protocolos fundamentales de CIF pero nonecesariamente refleja el consenso de los socios nacionales en materia de seguridad alimentaria.
Para los países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza un contorno de color en el mapa CIF que representa la clasificación más alta de CIF en las áreas de preocupación.

CIF v3.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

Países presenciales:
1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3: Crisis
4: Emergencia
5: Hambruna
Parques y reservas
Países de monitoreo remoto:
1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3+: Crisis o peor
Se estima que seria al menos una fase peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
Sin mapa
Concentración de personas desplazadas – coloque el puntero sobre el mapa para ver la clasificación de los campos en Somalia, Sudán y Uganda.
La manera de clasificación que utiliza FEWS NET es compatible con la CIF. Un análisisque es compatible con la CIF sigue los protocolos fundamentales de CIF pero nonecesariamente refleja el consenso de los socios nacionales en materia de seguridad alimentaria.
FEWS NET continues to monitor food security conditions in areas mapped in gray.
Para los países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza un contorno de color en el mapa CIF que representa la clasificación más alta de CIF en las áreas de preocupación.
Socios: 
USGS

Mensajes clave

  • The March-May 2019 long rains season concluded with widespread cumulative rainfall deficits in Kenya, but totals improved to near average in most of Uganda, Rwanda, and Burundi. Performance of the April-June Gu rains significantly improved by end of May but remained widely below average.

  • Over the past 30 days, seasonal rainfall was above average in parts of southern Sudan, South Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, and western Kenya. Severe flooding and landslides were reported in eastern Uganda and Turkana, Kenya.

  • Much of the eastern Horn continued to experience dry weather over the past several weeks, following an earlier-than-normal northward progression of the tropical rainfall system (ITCZ) in mid-to-late May.

  • Through end of June, heavy rainfall is forecast to continue in the western sector and in areas dependent on June-September rainfall. Much of the eastern Horn is expected to remain dry.

SEASONAL PROGRESS

March to May rainfall performance significantly improved in May due to increased rainfall amounts from mid- to late-May, after a very delayed and poor start of season. However, cumulative totals remained widely below average in Kenya, eastern and western Ethiopia, and most of Somalia (Figure 1). In Kenya, rainfall was 50-80 percent of normal in most areas, and worst-affected parts of Tana River county received less than 50 percent of normal rainfall. Similarly, rainfall was 50-80 in affected areas of Ethiopia and Somalia. Conversely, cumulative totals improved to near-average in Uganda, Rwanda, and Burundi, with the exception of northeastern Uganda. Central Ethiopia and localized parts of Somalia received above-average rainfall.

From mid-May to mid-June, seasonal rainfall increased across the Kiremt rainfall dependent areas of Sudan, South Sudan, and parts of Ethiopia and Djibouti. Northwestern and central Somalia also received above-average rainfall exceeding 120 percent or 150 percent of normal (Figure 2). Parts of northeastern Tanzania and southern coastal and western areas of Kenya similarly continued to receive abnormally heavy rainfall. Meanwhile, due to the atypical progression of the ITCZ into the northern sector of East Africa, the long rains season gradually began to cease across much of the eastern Horn and Tanzania.

The latest vegetation anomalies based on the eMODIS/Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), depict significantly improved conditions across Sudan, parts of northern and southern South Sudan, northwestern Kenya, and northern Tanzania/southern Kenya border regions following above average rainfall over the past month (Figure 3). However, drier-than-normal vegetation conditions remain across Kenya, parts of northern Tanzania, western Ethiopia and the bordering areas of eastern South Sudan and southern Sudan. Due to persistent cloud coverage over the past 10 days, many areas of Somalia, eastern and southern Ethiopia, eastern and central Kenya, and northern Tanzania remain obscured. Continued cloud coverage is expected to produce rainfall and improve vegetation conditions over the following weeks.

Across much of Sudan, South Sudan, and Ethiopia’s Kiremt rainfall- dependent cropping zones, early cropping conditions remained favorable, although there are areas in northern Sudan and western Ethiopia that remain dry. Despite crop moisture stress during March and April, continued rainfall has provided relief to deficits in Uganda, and similarly in Rwanda and Burundi. A few localized areas in eastern and southern Burundi, including the neighboring southwestern areas of Uganda, are likely to experience yield shortfalls due to long dry spells during the season.

With the forecast conclusion of the March – June seasonal rains across much of the eastern Horn in June, rangeland conditions (vegetation and surface water) are expected to gradually decline due to the poor performance of the long-rains season and dry conditions forecast into late October.

The following is a country-by-country update on recent seasonal progress to date:

  • In Somalia, central, southern, and north-western parts of the country experienced above-average rainfall since mid-May and gradual improvement in pasture and surface water resources. Meanwhile, the rest of the country experienced below-average rainfall performance. Cropping conditions are generally mixed over the southern agro-pastoral areas with near-average conditions in southern Juba areas. The rest of the sorghum-growing belt experienced unfavorable cropping conditions with below-average yield prospects, though irrigated riverine areas of Shabelle and Juba benefited from river-level rise in mid-May. These areas will experience delayed and below-average harvests.
  • In Ethiopia, due to the early onset and above average Kiremt seasonal rains, most early planted crops are in the vegetative stage and in favorable condition. Belg crops are in the reproductive stage in the south-west. Southern and eastern pastoral zones have continued to benefit from recent rainfall and are likely to experience improved rangeland conditions. In the west and over parts of the Rift, drier-than-normal conditions have developed due to insufficient rainfall. However, there is an increased risk of localized flooding in western low-lying regions, which are forecast to receive heavy rainfall in the coming weeks.
  • In Kenya, as the long rains come to an end in June, there is increased concern of below average to complete maize crop failure in southeastern lowlands and parts of eastern and central counties. Over the main-maize production zones of western, northern, and central-Rift valley counties, crop conditions have gradually improved although rangeland conditions remain generally drier-than-normal over predominantly pastoral areas in the north and parts of southern and southeastern agro-pastoral zones. Current rangeland conditions are expected to gradually decline due to the early end of the long rains season this month and start of the dry season.
  • In Sudan, cropping and vegetation conditions improved significantly in the past month in most of the country except in northern and western regions, with the earlier-than-normal onset of June-September seasonal rainfall. Continued heavy rainfall is forecast over the coming weeks, with high flood risk in eastern regions bordering western Ethiopian highlands.
  • In South Sudan, moderate to heavy rainfall is forecast to continue and likely favor cropping and rangeland conditions across the country, providing relief in areas with drier-than-normal conditions in the south-east and central regions.
  • In Uganda, cropping and rangeland conditions have significantly improved in the past month, following above average rainfall over northern and eastern regions. Elsewhere, the continued rainfall has benefitted central, southern, and eastern cropping districts, which had experienced delayed onset and long dry spells during March and April.
  • In Rwanda and Burundi, cropping conditions are generally favorable as seasonal rainfall increased from April into early June. Crop yield prospects also remain positive to above average, although there are small, localized areas of slight yield reductions in parts of southern and eastern Burundi due to the delayed start of season.
  • In Tanzania, March-May seasonal rainfall performance over the bi-modal rainfall zones of northern Tanzania was mixed, with a poor onset but increased, late seasonal rains. Overall, during the March-May period, performance was below average over northeastern regions and near-average in northwestern Tanzania. As the rainfall season ends, there are improved rangeland resources, but poor cropping conditions in the northeast. Areas outside of the bimodal cropping zones received above-average rainfall.
  • In Yemen, light to moderate rainfall during the past month continued over the western highlands and coastal regions resulting in greener-than-normal vegetation conditions and improved cropping conditions where there was planting. The rest of the country remained typically dry with near-normal vegetation conditions.

FORECAST

As is typical during this period, dry and hotter-than-normal conditions are forecast in the eastern Horn and Tanzania. Rangeland resources that improved in the short-term are likely to erode in parts of northern Tanzania, eastern and southern Kenya, and southern Ethiopia. Little to no rainfall is expected in Somalia or eastern Ethiopia, as the Gu season subsides, or in eastern Kenya, where the long rains have ended (Figure 4). However, parts of Ethiopia, South Sudan, Sudan, Uganda, DRC, and western Kenya are expected to continue to receive moderate to locally heavy rainfall. There is high flood risk in northwestern Ethiopia and eastern Sudan as a result over the next two weeks, as well as in northeastern Uganda, due to forecast rainfall and prevailing saturated soils. The one-week rainfall outlook indicates near to above-average rainfall performance in South Sudan, Uganda, and in parts of Sudan and Ethiopia (Figure 5). Above-average rainfall performance is also likely in western counties of Kenya. Little or no rainfall is expected over the eastern Horn, with June rainfall totals likely to fall to below-average levels along coastal Kenya, southern coastal Somalia, and northeastern coastal Tanzania.

Sobre Este Informe

El monitor estacional se produce para cada una de las cuatro regiones cubiertas por FEWS NET durante la estación de producción. Este informe actualiza los totales de las precipitaciones, las repercusiones sobre la producción y el pronóstico a corto tiempo. Producido por el científico regional del Servicio de Prospección Geológica de Estados Unidos de FEWS NET, el informe es producido cada 20 días durante la estación de producción. Conozca más sobre nuestro trabajo.

About FEWS NET

La Red de Sistemas de Alerta Temprana contra la Hambruna es un proveedor de primera línea de alertas tempranas y análisis sobre la inseguridad alimentaria. Creada por la USAID en 1985 con el fin de ayudar a los responsables de tomar decisiones a prever crisis humanitarias, FEWS NET proporciona análisis asentados en evidencia sobre unos 35 países. Entre los integrantes del equipo ejecutor figuran la NASA, NOAA, USDA y el USGS, así como Chemonics International Inc. y Kimetrica. Lea más sobre nuestro trabajo.

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