Somália

País com presença
Setembro 2019

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3: Crisis
4: Emergencia
5: Hambruna
Se estima que seria al menos una fase peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
La manera de clasificación que utiliza FEWS NET es compatible con la CIF. Un análisisque es compatible con la CIF sigue los protocolos fundamentales de CIF pero nonecesariamente refleja el consenso de los socios nacionales en materia de seguridad alimentaria.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3+: Crisis o peor
Se estima que seria al menos una fase
peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
La manera de clasificación que utiliza FEWS NET es compatible con la CIF. Un análisisque es compatible con la CIF sigue los protocolos fundamentales de CIF pero nonecesariamente refleja el consenso de los socios nacionales en materia de seguridad alimentaria.
Para los países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza un contorno de color en el mapa CIF que representa la clasificación más alta de CIF en las áreas de preocupación.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

Países presenciales:
1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3: Crisis
4: Emergencia
5: Hambruna
Países de monitoreo remoto:
1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3+: Crisis o peor
Se estima que seria al menos una fase
peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
Para los países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza un contorno de color en el mapa CIF que representa la clasificación más alta de CIF en las áreas de preocupación.

IPC 2.0 Phase d'Insécurité Alimentaire Aiguë

1: Minimale
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Urgence
5: Famine
Serait probablement pire, au moins une phase, sans l'assistance humanitaire en cours ou programmée
La manière de classification que FEWS NET utilise est compatible avec l’IPC. Une analyse qui est compatible avec l’IPC suit les principaux protocoles de l’IPC mais ne reflète pas nécessairement le consensus des partenaires nationaux en matière de sécurité alimentaire.

IPC 2.0 Phase d'Insécurité Alimentaire Aiguë

1: Minimale
2: Stress
3+: Crise ou pire
Serait probablement pire, au moins une phase, sans
l'assistance humanitaire en cours ou programmée
La manière de classification que FEWS NET utilise est compatible avec l’IPC. Une analyse qui est compatible avec l’IPC suit les principaux protocoles de l’IPC mais ne reflète pas nécessairement le consensus des partenaires nationaux en matière de sécurité alimentaire.
Pour les pays suivis à distance par FEWS NET, un contour coloré est utilisé pour représenter la classification de l’IPC la plus élevée dans les zones de préoccupation.

IPC 2.0 Phase d'Insécurité Alimentaire Aiguë

Pays de présence:
1: Minimale
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Urgence
5: Famine
Pays suivis à distance:
1: Minimale
2: Stress
3+: Crise ou pire
Serait probablement pire, au moins une phase, sans
l'assistance humanitaire en cours ou programmée
Pour les pays suivis à distance par FEWS NET, un contour coloré est utilisé pour représenter la classification de l’IPC la plus élevée dans les zones de préoccupation.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurança Alimentar Aguda Baseado

1: Minima
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Emergência
5: Fome
Poderia ser pior sem a assistência humanitária em vigor ou programad
A maneira de classificação que utiliza FEWS NET é compatível com a CIF. A análise compatível com a CIF segue os protocolos fundamentais da CIF mas não necessariamente reflete o consenso dos parceirosnacionais com respeito a segurança alimentar.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurança Alimentar Aguda Baseado

1: Minima
2: Stress
3+: Crise ou pior
Poderia ser pior sem a assistência
humanitária em vigor ou programad
A maneira de classificação que utiliza FEWS NET é compatível com a CIF. A análise compatível com a CIF segue os protocolos fundamentais da CIF mas não necessariamente reflete o consenso dos parceirosnacionais com respeito a segurança alimentar.
Para os países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza um contorno de cor no mapa CIF para representar a classificação mais alta da CIF nas áreas de preocupação.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurança Alimentar Aguda Baseado

Países com presença:
1: Minima
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Emergência
5: Fome
Países sem presença:
1: Minima
2: Stress
3+: Crise ou pior
Poderia ser pior sem a assistência
humanitária em vigor ou programad
Para os países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza um contorno de cor no mapa CIF para representar a classificação mais alta da CIF nas áreas de preocupação.

Setembro 2019

Outubro 2019 - Janeiro 2020

Fases de Insegurança Alimentar Aguda baseadas em IPC v3.0

1: Minima
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Emergência
5: Fome
Concentração de pessoas deslocadas
Poderia ser pior sem a assistência humanitária em vigor ou programad
A maneira de classificação que utiliza FEWS NET é compatível com a IPC. A análise compatível com a IPC segue os protocolos fundamentais da IPC mas não necessariamente reflete o consenso dos parceirosnacionais com respeito a segurança alimentar.
As mensagens-chave
  • In September, sustained, large-scale food assistance continued to prevent worse outcomes, reduce food gaps, and mitigate the depletion of livestock assets for poor households in northern and central Somalia. Stressed! (IPC Phase 2!), Crisis (IPC Phase 3), and Crisis! (IPC Phase 3!) outcomes are present in areas of concern. However, in the absence of confirmed funding for planned food assistance from October onward, food security is expected to deteriorate to Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or Emergency (IPC Phase 4) in many areas through January. Although October-December Deyr rainfall is expected to lead to improved food security in early 2020, Deyr harvests will not be available until November-December and livestock sales are expected to match or outpace livestock births.

  • The main and off-season Gu harvest has been completed in southern and central agropastoral areas. National cereal production is estimated to be the lowest since 1995 and 68 percent below the 1995-2018 average. Most households did not harvest main season crops and are currently highly reliant on market food purchases or food assistance. Areas of high concern include Bay region, where the Gu harvest was poor, and Southern Rainfed Agropastoral livelihood zone, where failed Hagaa rainfall (July-September) led to crop failure except in Qoryoley and Baraawe of Lower Shabelle. These areas of concern are expected to face Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse outcomes until at least December, when the Deyr harvest becomes available.

  • In riverine areas, off-season and late-planted irrigated crop production has been severely affected by poor rainfall, prohibitive irrigation costs, and flooding. In some areas, failed Hagaa rainfall led to high irrigation costs, forcing poor households to forego cash crop cultivation. In other areas, heavy rainfall in the river catchments of the Ethiopian highlands raised Somalia’s river water levels to the bankfull stage, and households suspended dry planting due to high flood risk. In Jowhar of Middle Shabelle, river flooding in mid-September damaged an estimated 7,000 hectares of cash and cereal crops. Heightened flood risk is likely to delay Deyr cultivation and drive low labor demand. Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes are expected to spread through January due to low household food stocks and below-normal labor income.

  • In Northwestern and Togdheer Agropastoral livelihood zones, above-average Karan (July-September) rainfall has supported partial Gu/Karan crop recovery after the below-average Gu rains negatively affected crop production. The rains facilitated late planting of short-cycle cereals and enhanced the yield prospects of standing crops, despite some maize and stalk borer incidence. However, since temperatures will drop in October and inhibit crop maturation, households are expected to harvest these crops for fodder sales instead of consumption. According to the Somaliland Ministry of Agriculture, the Gu/Karan production estimate has been revised to 28,000 MT, which is 32 percent below the 2010-2018 average. Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes will persist until the November-December harvest.

  • In northern and central pastoral livelihood zones, poor households are expected to deteriorate to Crisis (IPC Phase 3) from October through January due to below-normal income as a result of low livestock holdings. In the absence of food assistance, many poor households will either face food consumption gaps or further deplete their livestock assets to buy food. Of increasing concern are Addun Pastoral and parts of Coastal Deeh Pastoral livelihood zones, where pasture conditions are poor and clan conflict has restricted migration opportunities. In southern pastoral areas, where herd sizes are near normal to above normal, seasonal improvements in livestock production during the Deyr season are expected to support Stressed (IPC Phase 2) and Minimal (IPC Phase 1) outcomes.

About FEWS NET

A Rede de Sistemas de AlertaPrecoce de Fome é líder na provisão de alertas precoces e análises relativas à insegurança alimentar. Estabelecida em 1985 com o fim de auxiliar os responsáveis pela tomada de decisões a elaborar planos para crises humanitárias, a FEWS NET provê análises baseadas em evidências em cerca de 35 países. Entre os membros implementadores refere-se a NASA , NOAA, USDA e o USGS, assim como a Chemonics International Inc. e a Kimetrica. Leia mais sobre o nosso trabalho.

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