Key Message Update

Deterioration of livelihoods in pastoral areas of the Sahel exposes more households to food insecurity

April 2018

April - May 2018

Crisis (Phase 3 de l'IPC) au sud Mauritanie, nord est Nigeria, sud est Niger et RCA. Stress (Phase 2 de l'IPC) aux parties du Sahel. Plupart de la region en Minimale (Phase 1 de l'IPC

June - September 2018

Crisis (Phase 3 de l'IPC) au sud Mauritanie, nord est Nigeria, sud est Niger, centre Tchad, et RCA. Stress (Phase 2 de l'IPC) aux parties du Sahel. Plupart de la region en Minimale (Phase 1 de l'IPC

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
Concentration of displaced people – hover over maps to view food security phase classifications for camps in Nigeria.
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
Concentration of displaced people – hover over maps to view food security phase classifications for camps in Nigeria.
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • Civil insecurity continues to disrupt food flows in the Lake Chad Basin. In several Sahelian countries, local grain supplies remain below average due to localized deficits, retention of stocks in production ponds and high producer prices. Demand is rising seasonally, more marked than in a typical year. In general, consumer prices are above average. The pastoral situation remains marked by low feed availability, resulting in early pastoral lean, and reduced exports to Nigeria, causing over-supply in local markets and terms of trade between livestock and grain to the detriment of pastoralists.

  • Most rural households are experiencing Minimal (IPC Phase 1) food insecurity favored by above-average agricultural production, the availability of own production for staple foods, and the use of normal livelihoods strategies. However, some poor households in urban and peri-urban areas, which are largely market-dependent, may have limited access to adequate food due to rising prices and low purchasing power.

  • Stressed (IPC Phase 2) food insecurity is affecting poor households in the regions of Wadi Fira, Kanem, Barh El Gazel, Batha and Moyen Chari in Chad, and eastern and western Mauritania as a result of poor harvests. It will persist until September in the Goundam Lakes area, the Niger Delta, the Western Sahel and in the pastoral areas of Gao and Timbuktu in Mali, the Sahel region in Burkina Faso, the pastoral areas of Tahoua, Agadez, Zinder, Maradi and several parts of agricultural and agropastoral areas in Niger.

  • Crisis (IPC Phase 3) food insecurity, which affects many households in the Diffa region of Niger and the Lake Chad region, as a result of the Boko Haram conflict, will last until September, as well as in Chad in the regions of Wadi Fira, Kanem, Bar El Gazel, Batha and Hadjer-Lamis where pastoral conditions are of concern. Crisis (IPC Phase 3) is also present in CAR as a result of the armed conflict, the Far North of Cameroon impacted by the Boko Haram conflict, production deficits and atypical food price increases, and Mauritania in the west and center of the agro-pastoral zone, and in the center of the Senegal River Valley due to crop failure and / or grazing and the significant deterioration of livelihoods that negatively affect consumption for poor households.

  • In Nigeria, despite the general improvement in security conditions and better access for humanitarian workers to conflict-affected populations, the latter will experience acute food insecurity at the Crisis (IPC Phase 3) level in northern Yobe and a large part of Borno, and Emergency (IPC Phase 4) in the north and east of Borno, and in the outlying areas of the Sambisa Forest (south Borno and Yobe). Food security conditions could be worse in areas that are still inaccessible.  

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on some 34 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, and USGS, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica. Read more about our work.

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